Another fantastic page to explain all the wonderful fibres available to use in your crafting projects. Whether its weaving, spinning, needle felting or knitting, you can read about the best fibres and their characteristics right here.
Types of fibre for weaving, spinning and more
Fibre refers to any type of thing that can be spun into a thread or yarn. It encompasses everything from horsehair to dryer lint. If it can be made into yarn, you can call it Fibre.
The Alpaca is an animal from the camelid family that look like a llama and are native to South America. Their Fibre is silky soft and extremely warm.Find our Alpaca fibre here
The trade name for man-made plastic fibre of flat film nature which has a luminescent appearanceFind our Angelina Fibre here
Angora Fibre is plucked or clipped from an angora rabbit. English, French, Giant, and Satin are common varieties. Their wool is super fine and silky and very warm. This is a luxury Fibre and higher cost, so it is often mixed with wool or another Fibre.
Fibre that comes from goats which is very fine (less than about 18 microns) and is considered a luxury Fibre because it is relatively hard to find.
A Fibre made from the cell walls of some plants, such as hemp, cotton, and ramie.
Corriedale wool has a defined, even crimp and is smooth and easy to spin or felt. You can spin a fine to medium woollen, worsted or semi-worsted yarn. Corriedale will bulk after washing and has good elasticity. It is ideal for baby wear, woven, knitted, crocheted or felted garmentsFind Corriedale Here
Domestic Wool is wool that has been produced in your own country as opposed to being imported from elsewhere.
Fibre of extreme lengths such as silk which is a natural filament or man-made Fibres like nylon and polyester
This is any wool with a micron count of 18 – 24 or a Bradford Count of less than 64.
A Fibre that is made from a plant and is spun into threads which we call linen. It can be spun wet or dry.See our Linen Fibre
The wool off one sheep is a fleece. In the grease is an unwashed fleece and a cleaned or washed fleece has had the lanolin removed.
White wool that has some dark Fibres, or in naturally coloured sheep many dark Fibres.
Hairs in a fleece that are course and stiff. The usually protrude from the main fleece and are undesirable in large numbers.
The first shearing from the sheep, usually before one year.
A bunch of Fibre that naturally holds together in one wave or curl, usually from the grease in the wool
Wools that are longer, from 8 inches or more and are taken from long wool breeds such as Lincoln long-wools, Wensleydale or other breeds that produce very long staple lengths.
Australian Merino wool is the world’s finest and softest wool in the world. Its natural benefits are so great that no other fibre – natural or man-made – can match it.Find our Merino FIbre
Long and shiny locks of Fibre that are harvested from the Angora goat. These Fibres from a young goat (kid mohair) are silky soft and perfect for fine garments. The courser Fibres from older animals are great for garments, rugs, and sock yarn. The Fibre added in 25% amounts will make the roving draft very easily and lend a shiny lustre to the finished yarn.
Yarns with a lumpy – bumpy texture, pieces of ribbon or other non-traditional appearance. These are quite popular and can make some fun projectsFind Our Novelty Fibres
A man made material that is often added to sock yarn to give greater durability. It can be knitted in with a separate strand, or yarns can be purchased with this already mixed in
When you spin a bobbin of Fibre you have a single spun yarn. When this is spun again with a second third or more singles in the opposite direction the singles were first spun, it is a plied yarn. Plied yarns have less pilling and are also more durable, particularly for knitted garments.
A man-made Fibre that can be knitted in or blended in to increase strength of the yarn.
These sheep are less domesticated and are more primitive. Their wools are often double coated, they have a courser longer Fibre and a finer soft undergrowth of Fibre. Shetlands and Icelandic’s can both carry this type of fleece, and they are also a primitive type sheep. These sheep can also have single coat fleeces as well.
Fibres derived from animals, such as wool or silk, and some plant Fibres such as soy silk. These Fibres are dyed with acid dyes and a great way to test if your Fibre is protein or cellulose is to try dying it with Kool Aid. Cellulose like cotton will not take up any of the dye, some plant Fibres will dye with Kool Aid, such as soy silk. Always test first with a small sample!!!
An animal with both parents of the same breed, usually these animals are resisted with a breed association, to prove they are purebred
Usually refers to a fleece or sheep that is one quarter Merino.
Fibres that have been degummed and taken off the silk cocoon, but not spun yet.
Wool that is still “in the grease” as in not washed or scoured. It is in its natural condition; not refined or processed.
A man-made Fibre that drapes nicely and has a soft feel.
Wool that has been recycled from old garments or cloth. You can often buy a wool sweater at a thrift shop and unravel it, then re-knit it into another garment.
When the shearer cuts an already cut Fibre twice accidentally or through carelessness. These little clumps of short Fibres will make very undesirable balls in the yarn and greatly increase pilling in the finished garment.
When the shearer cuts an already cut Fibre twice accidentally
or through carelessness. These little clumps of short Fibres will make very undesirable balls in the yarn and greatly increase pilling in the finished garment.
Yarns with irregular areas of colours, like hand-painted yarns.
A fleece that is at least 2 inches long, but not more than 4 inches, and has very little vegetable matter. These can be longer than four inches, but from 2-4 is the easiest to spin, but this is variable, and the term may apply to fleeces that are longer than four inches, depending on the breed of the sheep.
Wool measuring from 15-18 microns, these have been developed from careful breeding of merino sheep.